Flora and fauna in in the Soča Valley…
The Soča valley is a very popular hub for natural scientists and botanists…
It is also home to the Juliana Alpine Botanical Garden – the first alpine botanical garden in Slovenia.
The Triglav National Park is home to several plant species that cannot be found anywhere else in the world, edelweisses, bellflowers, orchids, gentians and others.
The Triglav National Park enables nearly all animals typical of the mountain environment to survive here.
The park is the nesting ground for 84 bird species, a significant number of which are winter guests or peregrines. It is the natural habitat for golden eagles, capercaillie and black grouses. The capercaillie is the most threatened species, as its numbers are slowly, yet consistently decreasing. In summer months, griffon vultures can be seen soaring the sky above Krn of the Krn pastures.
Brown bears are regular guests to the park, although they do not reside in this area. Over the last decade, several individual lynx have been permanently present. Wolves do not live in the park.
The most typical animal species of the Triglav National Park is the chamois. Its current population count is about 3000 animals. The Alpine ibex was introduced to the Zadnjica valley in 1964, and has spread from there to several other parts of the park. The ibex populations have varied in number throughout this time. The Alpine marmot was introduced to TNP in the same time as the ibex. Deer population, however, is rather big and evenly distributed. Although the population numbers cannot be accurately assessed, the species’ population dynamics trends have been studied thoroughly.
The same is true of the red deer population, which is increasing in size and spatial distribution. The mouflon is a foreign species brought to Slovenia in the 1960s. Mountain hares, beech martens, foxes, badgers and rock ptarmigans are of frequent occurrence. The otter, however, is very rare and is the most threatened animal species in the park.